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The town of Lago Patria, together with the neighboring towns of Licola and Varcaturo, comprise the territory formerly inhabited by the Osci in the 5th to 4th century BC. The Osci founded many cities in Campania, including Liternum, the remains of which are located just north of Lago Patria. This town experienced a remarkable development, especially during the Roman Republic and Roman Empire.

 

The first reference to Liternum dates from Roman times: the historian Livy wrote that in 194 BC thirty Roman families set up a colony there. Later many additional colonies were added and in the 2nd century Liternum was already among the most prosperous prefectures of the "fertile countryside" of Campania (Latin: Campania felix). The archaeological remains of the forum, temple, church and theatre of Liternum are preserved from this period. Liternum was also one of the four oldest cities in Campania in which Christianity was introduced and widely practiced, in the 1st and 2nd century AD. The town of Lago Patria, together with the neighboring towns of Licola and Varcaturo, comprises the territory formerly inhabited by the Osci in the 5th to 4th century BC. The Osci founded many cities in Campania, including Liternum, the remains of which are located just north of Lago Patria. This town experienced a remarkable development, especially during the Roman Republic and Roman Empire.

 

Among the Roman families that came to live here, there was the great statesman of the Roman Republic and one of the finest commanders in military history “Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus” (235-183 BC), also known as Scipio Africanus and Scipio the Elder, best known for defeating Hannibal at the final battle of the Second Punic War at Zama. He chose to retire here in Lago Patria in contrast with Rome and here we can still find his tomb, on which he had the following sentence engraved: "Ingrata patria, ne ossa quidem habebis" - ungrateful country, you will not even have my bones!

 


Then In the 1960s and 1970s Lago Patria emerged as a significant tourist attraction. However, after the Irpinia earthquake in 1980 and the bradyseism of 1982 many displaced people sought shelter in Licola-Lago Patria and its tourism industry went into a period of decline. A strong revival in tourism occurred subsequently in the 1990s.

 
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